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Home:Equine Diseases: Equine Salmonellosis Disease


Equine Diseases

Equine Diseases - Equine Salmonellosis

Description of Equine Salmonellosis



 

Equine Salmonellosis

Equine Salmonellosis is one of the most common causes of diarrhoea in horses. The severity of Salmonellosis is determined by the exposure to and the virulence of the relevant bacteria (there are many different strains). The immune system of the horse plays an important role in how severe Salmonellosis becomes.

Pasture management and environmental hygiene can significantly reduce the risk of Salmonellosis spreading between horses. Infection can spread via water, feed and faeces.

There are three main forms of Salmonellosis

1) Carrier status – no clinical signs of Salmonellosis are showing but the horse can shed the pathogen in faeces

2) Mild clinical symptoms such as depression, fever, anorexia, and soft but not watery faeces which can last a few days. Isolation is recommended.

3) Acute onset of the above clinical signs along with foul smelling fluid faeces. Dehydration is a problem of salmonellosis as it occurs very quickly after onset of the disease. If untreated this form of salmonellosis can be fatal.

Always call your vet for treatment.